ARMADILLOS
Six-banded armadillo
Euphractus sexcinctus
RANGE

The six-banded or yellow armadillo is present in a wide area of South America, from southern Suriname and adjacent Brazil to Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, and northern Argentina. It does not occur in Buenos Aires Province (Flores et al., 2009). For over 20 years, it was thought that a disjunct population of this species existed on the border between Brazil and Suriname (Wetzel, 1985). However, recent studies in northern Brazil confirmed the occurrence of E. sexcinctus in Maranhão, Amapá, and parts of northern, northwestern, central, and eastern Pará. Most of these records are located in the cerrado. The presence of this species in Peru needs to be confirmed.


DESCRIPTION
HABITAT

This armadillo inhabits open areas, savannas, shrubland and dry, semi-deciduous forest. It can be found in secondary forests, and may also occur in primary Amazonian forest (Redford and Wetzel, 1985).

BIOLOGY

This is a common species (Redford and Wetzel, 1985). Males and females reach maturity at one year of age, and the females possibly give birth to several litters per year; litter size is one to three young.

THREATS

There are no major threats to this species. However, E. sexcinctus is hunted extensively, mostly for local use.

CONSERVATION

E. sexcinctus is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, its occurrence in a number of protected areas, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a threatened category. This armadillo is present in many protected areas.

REFERENCES

Additional information and a complete list of references can be found in: Abba, A.M. and M. Superina (2010): The 2009/2010 Armadillo Red List Assessment. Edentata 11(2): 135-184. This article is available here.

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