ARMADILLOS
Nine-banded armadillo
Dasypus novemcinctus
RANGE

This species ranges from the southern USA through Mexico and Central America, to South America as far south as northern Argentina. It is also present in the Lesser Antilles, on Grenada and Trinidad and Tobago. It ranges from sea level up to 2,000 m asl.


DESCRIPTION
HABITAT

The nine-banded armadillo is very adaptable and is present in a wide variety of habitats (McBee and Baker, 1982). It can be found in some degraded habitats, such as heavily degraded subtropical and tropical forests, arable land, pastureland, rural gardens, urban areas and plantations.

BIOLOGY

This is a common species. Males reach sexual maturity at 12 months and females at 18 months of age, and the female gives birth to one yearly litter after a gestation of 140 days including diapause. It has a high rate of reproduction and commonly produces monozygotic (genetically identical) quadruplets. Generation length has been estimated at five years, and longevity is around eight to twelve years.

THREATS

There are no major threats to this species, although it is hunted throughout its range. In North America, it is subjected to poisoning as it is often considered a nuisance.

CONSERVATION

D. novemcinctus is listed as Least Concern in view of its very wide distribution, presumed large population, tolerance of habitat alteration, and because there is no evidence of a major population decline.
The nine-banded armadillo occurs in many protected areas.

REFERENCES

Additional information and a complete list of references can be found in: Abba, A.M. and M. Superina (2010): The 2009/2010 Armadillo Red List Assessment. Edentata 11(2): 135-184. This article is available here.

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