ARMADILLOS
Greater long-nosed armadillo
Dasypus kappleri
RANGE

This species has been recorded from Colombia (east of the Andes), Venezuela (south of the Orinoco), Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, and south through the Amazon Basin of Brazil, Ecuador, Peru and northern Bolivia (Pando Department). In Brazil, it occurs in a large part of the state of Mato Grosso, but has not been recorded from southern Pará state, east of the Rio Tapajós. The easternmost locality is on the left bank of Rio das Mortes, a tributary of the upper Rio Araguaia, western Mato Grosso. There is a potentially disjunct population to the south of Marajó Island (Eisenberg and Redford, 1999).


DESCRIPTION
HABITAT

The greater long-nosed armadillo is restricted to the tropical moist lowland forests of the Orinoco and Amazon river basins. In savanna areas, it is restricted to forest patches.

BIOLOGY

D. kappleri constructs burrows in well-drained soil. The females typically give birth to two young (Eisenberg, 1989). No information is available on the population status of this armadillo.

THREATS

There are no major threats. Locally, D. kappleri is threatened by deforestation, and in Ecuador and Brazil it is subjected to hunting (Tirira, 2001; T.C.S. Anacleto, pers. comm., 2010). It is unable to survive in savannas or open areas.

CONSERVATION

D. kappleri is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, its occurrence in a number of protected areas, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a threatened category. It is present in a number of protected areas.

REFERENCES

Additional information and a complete list of references can be found in: Abba, A.M. and M. Superina (2010): The 2009/2010 Armadillo Red List Assessment. Edentata 11(2): 135-184. This article is available here.

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